Google will pay $170m to settle allegations that its YouTube video service broke United States federal law by collecting personal information about children, the US Federal Trade Commission (FTC) said on Wednesday.
YouTube had been accused of tracking viewers of childrens channels- by using cookies obtained without parental consent – to deliver millions of dollars in targeted advertisements to those viewers.
The settlement with the FTC and the New York State attorney generals office, which will receive $34m, is the largest since a law banning collecting information about children under age 13 came into effect in 1998. The law was revised in 2013 to include “cookies”, which are used to track internet viewing habits.
Democrats and childrens advocacy groups complained that the settlement terms arent strong enough. Googles parent, Alphabet Inc, generates most of its revenues from sales of ad space and ad technology, and in July reported total second-quarter revenue of $38.9bn.
YouTube said in a statement on Wednesday that in four months it would begin treating all data collected from people watching childrens content as if it came from a child. “This means that we will limit data collection and use on videos made for kids only to what is needed to support the operation of the service,” YouTube said on its blog.
In addition to the monetary fine, the proposed settlement requires the company to create a system for identifying content aimed at children and to notify channel owners about their obligations to get consent from parents before collecting information on children.
FTC Chairman Joe Simons noted at a news conference on Wednesday what he said were important changes to YouTube business practices. “No other company in America is subject to these types of requirements, and they will impose significant costs on YouTube,” he told reporters.
FTC Bureau of Consumer Protection Director Andrew Smith told reporters that the $170m settlement was based on revenues from data collected. “It happens that $170m is roughly the budget of the Bureau of Consumer Protection for one year,” he added.
Once the settlement takes effect, the FTC plans to “conduct a sweep of the YouTube platform to determine whether there remains child-directed content” in which personal information is being collected, Smith said.
The FTC could take actions against individual content creators or channel owners as a result.
In late August, YouTube announced it would launch YouTube Kids with separate niches for children, depending on their ages and designed to exclude disturbing videos. It has no behavioural advertising.
YouTube allows companies to create channels, which include advertisements that create revenue for both the company and YouTube.
In its complaint, the government said that YouTube touted its popularity with children in marketing itself to companies such as toy manufacturers Mattel and Hasbro. It told Mattel that “YouTube is todays leader in reaching children age 6-11 against top TV channels”, according to the complaint.
New York State Attorney General Letitia James said the companies “abused their power”.
“Google and YouTube knowingly and illegally monitored, tracked and served targeted ads to young children just to keep advertising dollars rolling in,” said James.
The two Democrats on the FTC, Rebecca Kelly Slaughter and Rohit Chopra, dissented from the settlement. Slaughter, who called the violations “widespread and brazen”, said the settlement fails to require YouTube to police channels that provide childrens content but do not designate it as such, thus allowing more lucrative behavioural advertising, which relies on tracking viewers through cookies.
Senators Ed Markey and Richard Blumenthal, both Democrats active in online privacy matters, criticised the settlement in separate statements.
“A financial settlement is no substitute for strict reforms that will stop Google and other tech companies from invading our privacy,” Blumenthal said. “I continue to be alarmed by Big Techs policies and practices that invade childrens lives